Geography


The geography of India is diverse and you will be amazed by its landscape ranging from snow-capped mountains to frozen lakes, from desert to sea and rainforests to hills and plains. India is the seventh largest country in the world with an area of 3.3 million Square Kilometers. India is also the second largest populated country in the world with approx. 1.21 billion population. (As per 2011 census). It consists of twenty nine states and seven Union Territories.

It also has three major river systems which have large deltas that take over a large portion of the land. These are the Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers. India's climate is also varied but is tropical in the south and mainly temperate in the north. The country also has a pronounced monsoon season from June to September.

India shares its borders with Pakistan, China, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar and Bangladesh. Sri Lanka, Maldives and Indonesia are island nations to the south of India. Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, and the Indian Ocean are also surrounding the country.

India can be organized by Zones, east, west, north, south, Central and Union Territories:

East India arises with the states of Assam, known for its famous tea gardens. 

Manipur has much to explore as it is filled with stunning sights and offers best of natural beauty.

Meghalaya is the home of the tribal. It is a region of beautiful mountains, valleys, natural vegetation, orchids, rivers, forests, waterfalls, flora-fauna, and lakes.

West Bengal is located in the eastern part of the Indian peninsula and is a land of natural beauty, wonderful lyrical poetry and enthusiastic people. >>more

The State of Orissa is located in the east coast of India. It is one of the most beautiful states in India. Odissi is famous dance of Orissa.

Sikkim is a very small hilly state in the Eastern Himalayas. The state is legendary for its peaceful nature and simplicity. The capital city of Sikkim is Gangtok. 

The youngest state Mizoram, formerly known as the Lushai Hills is situated in the North Eastern Corner of India. Mizoram means the land of Mizos. Aizwal is the capital of Mizoram.

Tripura, the second smallest state in the country & surrounded almost by Bangladesh. It is one of the potential places that caters taste of everything from palaces to lakes and hill station.

East India also contains an area known as the eastern triangle, which is entirely distinct. This is the last gulp of land that extends beyond Bangladesh, culminating in the Naga Hills along the Burmese border.

West India
Goa is holidaymaker's paradise, it has beautiful beaches, silvery sands, rich traditions, churches and terrific temples. 

Gujarat is a vibrant land with historical & cultural tradition. Verdant jungles, old palaces, marble temples, water parks & handicrafts characterize it.

Rajasthan is the Land of Royalty. The state of Rajasthan is located in North Western India. This land is colorful, attractive, vibrant, beautiful and famous for Thar Desert and the stunning "pink city" of Jaipur.

The word Maharashtra means the "The Great State". It is one of the most industrialized states of India and a distinct cultural region.

North India
Jammu and Kashmir is one of the most beautiful destinations in India. It is a paradise in itself. A dynamic area with terrain varying from arid mountains in the far north to the lake country and forests near Srinagar and Jammu.

Himachal Pradesh is a tiny hill state whose pleasant summers make it a popular holiday resort. It has unique tradition of handicrafts.

Uttar Pradesh is one of the largest states in India. It is a kaleidoscopic land where multifarious Indian cultures have flourished from decades. Agra, Uttar Pradesh is home to the famous wonder of the world, Taj Mahal.

Uttaranchal is an expression of Spirituality, austerity, meditation, Sacrament & accomplishment. 

Punjab is known as the 'Granary of India'. With its golden fields & fast growing industrial estates it has become one of the most developed and rich states of India.

South India
Kerala is India's only tropical paradise. It is the ideal honeymoon travel destination. It is the greenest state of South India.

Karnataka with all its richness in culture and traditional grandeur is one of the fastest growing States in terms of industries and facilities.

Tamil Nadu, the heart of the Dravidian ethnicity and customs, has for time immemorial, been a pioneer of harmony and knowledge. 

It is a perfect holiday destination, places famous here are Salar Jung Museum, Sri Venkateswara temple, Golconda Fort and The Charminar.

Central India
Madhya Pradesh is called the 'heart of India' as it is located in the center of the country. Wildlife sanctuaries and national parks are its pride.

Chhattisgarh, situated in the heart of India, is endowed with a rich cultural heritage and attractive natural diversity. Raipur serves as its capital. 

Union Territories
Lovely beaches and coral beds of Andaman are a traveler's delight. Adventure tourism like trekking, scuba diving etc. are the real attractions.

Chandigarh is twin capital of states of Punjab & Haryana. It lies in the valley surrounded by Shiwalik Hills that hem the great Himalayas.

Delhi is the capital of India. It blends an historic past and a vibrant present.

Lakshadweep is an exciting tourist destination and the most new attraction of India. It is vastly scattered group of the coral islands that are 36 in total. 

Pondicherry is a union territory of India. It is a surprise town in India because of its weel-laid wide streets carring french names and kept unpolluted. 

Dadra and Nagar Haveli is actually a tie-up of 72 villages that were once governed by the Portuguese.

The union territories of Daman and Diu lie on the edge of the southern borders of Gujarat, in western India. Known for their beaches & exotic liquors.

India, offers big regional variations in its climate, from cool mountain pastures beside the glaciers, through windy plateau, to warm river valleys and burning deserts. This diversity in the climatic conditions throughout the country is also reflected in its rich flora and fauna.